ICMM: Trends in the Industry
The International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) published 2 new reports this week:
This 16-summary of where the industry is coming from and where it is going mainly gives an interesting perspective on geographic developments in the mining industry. The report shows how center of mining activity has shifted from Europe, via the US, to the BRIC countries and new frontiers. At the same time the report illustrates how a large part of processing capacity still is located in the developed world, though China’s processing surge is instrumental in changing this situation.
The report in summary:
- Center of mining is shifting to new frontiers, including BRIC countries;
- Iron ore, gold, and copper continue to account for roughly two-thirds of value of global mined metals;
- Large companies are responsible for an increasing share of global production;
- With lower average ore grades, bulk open-pit mining is more and more the mining method of choice;
- Human resource challenges are becoming restrictive;
- China-led nationalized mining is leading to a global increased in state participation in mining companies.
This report presents a Mineral Contribution Index (MCI), ranking countries’ dependency on the mineral industry. The index includes:
- The percentage contribution of the mineral industry to export value;
- The change in this contribution over a 5 year period;
- The mineral production value as percentage of GDP.
The top 25 countries according to the ranking with their respective scores are displayed below.